Relating to Library Space Planning

Prepared for the Ringling College of Art and Design
Scott Bennett
Yale University Librarian Emeritus
January 2009

Note: Most of the publications listed below were mentioned in conversations with various groups during Scott Bennett's January visit to Ringling College.  This list reflects those conversations and steps identified in a possible path for library planning.  The list has no other coherence; it is highly selective and not meant to suggest a comprehensive view of planning for library services and space.

Aamot, Gordon, and Steve Hiller, Library Services in Non-Library Spaces, SPEC Kit 285 (Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries, Office of Leadership and Management Services, 2004).

Barr, Robert B. and John Tagg, “From Teaching to Learning—A New Paradigm for Undergraduate Education,” Change (November 1995), Vol. 27, Iss. 6;  p.12-25.

Bennett, Scott,, “Designing for Uncertainty: Three Approaches,” Journal of Academic Librarianship, v.33 (March 2007). p.165-179.

__________, “First Questions for the Design of Higher Education Learning Spaces,” Journal of Academic Librarianship, v.33 (January 2007), p.14-26.

___________, “Libraries and Learning: A History of Paradigm Change,” portal: Libraries and the Academy. 9, 2 (April 2009), p.181-197.

___________, Libraries Designed for Learning (Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2003)

__________, “Righting the Balance,” in Library as Place: Rethinking Roles, Rethinking Space (Washington,DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2005), pp. 10-24.

Bereiter, Carl, and Marlene Scardamalia, “Intentional Learning As A Goal of Instruction,” in Knowing, Learning, and Instruction.  Essays in Honor of Robert Glaser, ed. L. B. Resnick (Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1989), pp. 361-392.

Brown, John Seely, “Learning in the Digital Age,” in The Internet and the University: 2001 Forum, edited by Maureen Devlin, Richard Larson and Joel Meyerson (Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE. 2002) pp. 65–91.

Brown, Malcolm B., and Joan K. Lippincott, “Learning Spaces: More than Meets the Eye,” EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 26, no. 1 (2003), 14-16.

Bruffee, Kenneth A., Collaborative Learning: Higher Education, Interdependence, and the Authority of Knowledge, 2nd ed. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999).

Bryant, Willard F., Jr., Jayne M. Campbell, Kathleen Burr Oliver, Nancy K. Roderer, “The Welch Medical Library: A New Model for the Delivery of Library Services,” in Planning, Renovating, Expanding, and Constructing Library Facilities in Hospitals, Academic Medical Centers, and Health Organizations, Elizabeth Connor, ed. (New York: Haworth Information Press, 2005), pp. 187-202

Campbell, Jerry D., “Changing a Cultural Icon: The Academic Library as a Virtual Destination,” EDUCAUSE Review, 41,1 (Jan/Feb 2006), 16-31.

Church, Jonathan T, “Reimagining Professional Identities: A Reflection on Collaboration and Techno-Pedagogy,” a report under the publications tab at the Web site “Talking Toward Techno-Pedagogy,” 2000.

Chism, Nancy Van Note, “A Tale of Two Classrooms,” in The Importance of Physical Space in Creating Supportive Learning Environments, ed. Chism and Deborah J. Bickford, New Directions for Teaching and Learning. No. 29 (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2002), pp. 5-12.

Cook-Sather, Alison, “Unrolling Roles in Techno-Pedagogy: Toward New Forms of Collaboration in Traditional College Settings,” Innovative Higher Education, 26 (Winter, 2001), 121-139.

Dittoe, William, “Seriously Cool Places: the Future of Learning-Centered Built Environments,” Learning Spaces (Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE, 2006).

Elmborg, James K. and Sheril Hook, eds., Centers for Learning: Writing Centers and Libraries in Collaboration, Publications in Librarianship No. 58 (Chicago, IL: Association of College and Research Libraries, 2005).  See especially Elmborg, “Libraries and Writing Centers in Collaboration: A Basis in Theory,” pp. 1-20, and Hook, “Teaching Librarians and Writing Center Professionals in Collaboration: Complementary Practices,” pp. 21-41.

Foote, Steven M. "Changes in Library Design: An Architect’s Perspective," Portal: Libraries and the Academy, V.4 (2004), p.41-59.

Freeman, Geoffrey T. "The Library as Place: Changes in Learning Patterns, Collections, Technology, and Use," in Library as Place: Rethinking Roles, Rethinking Space (Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2005).

How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School, ed. John D. Bransford, Ann L. Brown, and Rodney R. Cocking (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1999).

Kuh, George D., and Robert M. Gonyea, “The Role of the Academic Library in Promoting Student Engagement in Learning,” College & Research Libraries, 64 (July 2003), 256-282.

Long, Phillip D., and Stephen C. Ehrmann, “Future of the Learning Space: Breaking Out of the Box,” EDUCAUSE review  40 (July/August 2005), 42-58.

Macken, Megan E., “The Art Library as Place: The Role of Current Space Planning Paradigms Within the Academic Art and Architecture Library,” Art Documentation, 25.2 (Fall 2006): 18-25

Narum, Jeanne, “Asking the Right Questions: Toward Building Communities,” 2002.

____________, “Transforming the Physical Environment for Learning,” Change, 36 (October 2004), 62-66.

Oblinger, Diana G., “Boomers, Gen-Exers, & Millennials: Understanding the New Students,” EDUCAUSE, 38 (July/August, 2003), 36-43.

____________, “Leading the Transition from Classrooms to Learning Spaces.” EDUCAUSE National Learning Infrastructure Initiative white paper, 2004.

____________, ed., Learning Spaces (Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE, 2006)

OCAD [Ontario College of Art & Design], Learning Zone, see

O’Connor, Richard A., “Seeing duPont [Library] within Sewanee and Student Life,” a substantial appendix to the “Task Force Final Report for the Jessee Ball duPont Library,” 2005.  

Oliver, Kathleen Burr, “The Johns Hopkins Welch Medical Library as Base: Information Professionals Working in Library User Environments,” in Library as Place: Rethinking Roles, Rethinking Space (Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2005), 66-76.

Preiser, Wolfgang F. E., and Jacqueline C. Visher, eds., Assessing Building Performance (Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth Heineman, 2005).

Sawyer, Hunley, and Molly Schaller, “Assessment: the Key to Creating Spaces that Promote Learning,” EDUCAUSE Review, 44.2 (March/April 2009): 26-28, 30, 32-34.

Senge, Peter M.  The Fifth Discipline: The  Art and Practice of the Learning Organization (New York : Doubleday, 1990).  Kimbrough Library also has Rethinking the Fifth Discipline, available through eBrary.

Shill, Harold B., and Shawn Tonner, “Creating a Better Place: Physical Improvements in Academic Libraries, 1995-2002,” College & Research Libraries, 64 (November 2003), 431-466.

________________, “Does the Building Still Matter? Usage Patterns in New, Expanded, and Renovated Libraries, 1995-2002,” College & Research Libraries, 65 (March 2004), 123-150.

Strange, C. Carney, and James H. Banning, Educating by Design: Creating Campus Learning Environments that Work (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2001).

Studying Students: The Undergraduate Research Project at the University of Rochester, ed.Nancy Fried Foster and Susan Gibbons (Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries, 2007).

University of Dayton, Art Street, available at

Ryan C. Harris Teaching Learning Center, available at

Zeisel, John, Inquiry by Design: Tools for Environment-Behavior Research (Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing, 1981).